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Traditional Birthstones

Traditional Birthstones

Traditional Birthstones

Historical and Modern Listing of Birthstones

 

 While there are many historical lists of birthstones, the following table provides the two most common list. The center column give the historical list based on the Bible. The second is the more familiar, and currently used list. It was formalized in 1952. by the US Jewelry Industry Council. It is not based on the natural cycle of life on this planet,  It is somewhat based on tradition, but only loosely.In 1912,  in an effort to standardize birthstones, the (American) National Association of Jewelers met in Kansas and officially adopted a list.[2] The Jewelry Industry Council of America updated the list in 1952[1] by adding alexandrite to June and citrine to November; specifying pink tourmaline for October; replacing December's lapis with zircon; and switching the primary/alternate gems in March. The most recent change occurred in October 2002, with the addition of tanzanite as a December birthstone.[3][4] Britain's National Association of Goldsmiths created their own standardized list of birthstones in 1937.[5] 

There is a great introduction to Traditional Birthstones here - worth a look.

 

Month

 

Historical

 

Current

 

JANUARY Jacinth

Garnet

FEBRUARY Amethyst

Amethyst

MARCH Jasper

Aquamarine or Bloodstone

APRIL Sapphire

Diamond

MAY Chalcedony

Emerald

JUNE Emerald

Pearl, or Moonstone

JULY

Sardonyx

Ruby

AUGUST Sardius

Peridot or Sardonyx

SEPTEMBER Chrysolite

Sapphire

OCTOBER

Beryl

Opal, Tourmaline

NOVEMBER Topaz

Topaz, Citrine

DECEMBER Chrysophrasus

Turquoise, Tanzanite