Historical and Modern Listing of Birthstones

 

While there are many historical lists of birthstones, the following table provides the two most common list. The center column give the historical list based on the Bible. The second is the more familiar, and currently used list. It was formalized in 1952. by the US Jewelry Industry Council. It is not based on the natural cycle of life on this planet, It is somewhat based on tradition, but only loosely.

 

Month

 

Historical

 

Current

 

JANUARYJacinthGarnet
FEBRUARYAmethystAmethyst
MARCHJasperAquamarine or Bloodstone
APRILSapphireDiamond
MAYChalcedonyEmerald
JUNEEmeraldPearl, or Moonstone
JULYSardonyxRuby
AUGUSTSardiusPeridot or Sardonyx
SEPTEMBERChrysoliteSapphire
OCTOBERBerylOpal
NOVEMBERTopazTopaz
DECEMBERChrysophrasusTurquoise

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