Your On-Line Guide to
The Healing Energies, Metaphysical Properties,
Legendary Uses and Meaning
Introduction to the Meaning and Uses of Tiger's Eye
Tiger’s Eye is a most ancient talisman, mysterious and powerful, revered and feared - an “all-seeing all-knowing eye,” thought to grant a wearer the ability to observe everything, even through closed doors. It was chosen by the Egyptians for the eyes in their deity statues to express divine vision, and was believed to provide the protection of the sun and earth combined, of Ra, the sun god and Geb, god of the growing land. Linked to the magical tiger, the king of beasts in Eastern mythology, Tiger’s Eye portrayed courage, integrity and right use of power. Roman soldiers carried it to deflect weapons and to be brave in battle. It has been highly regarded throughout history as a stone of prosperity and good fortune, protecting one’s resources and reflecting back malice or threats from others. [Mella, 78][Eason, 107][Hall, 288-289][101 Hall, 204]
This marvelous stone of the Golden Ray is still as captivating as it was in the past, with chatoyant layers that dance like shafts of light through a dense forest. It is warm and radiant, synthesizing the frequencies of Sun and Earth, bringing stability and awareness while integrating the spiritual with the physical realms. It teaches balance between extremes, moving one out of the world of duality - right and wrong, good and bad, dark and light - and provides an understanding of the underlying unity behind apparent opposites. It brings a more practical and compassionate reasoning to one’s choices, and helps one to reflect Spirit through each action taken in the world. [Ahsian, 399][Melody, 646][Hall, 288]
One of the most effective of the eye formation stones, Tiger’s Eye is ever vigilant, bringing sharpness to one’s inner vision and better understanding of the cause and effect of each situation. It encourages one to use their powers wisely, and allows scattered information to be brought together to a cohesive whole. Tiger’s Eye supports necessary change in all aspects of one’s life, strengthening the will and clarity of intention in order to manifest at the highest level. It inspires creativity and utilizing one’s talents and abilities, and is superb for stimulating wealth and the good judgement needed to maintain it. [Megemont, 177][Hall Cr, 69, 87][Hall, 288-289][Melody, 646][Mella, 78]
Tiger’s Eye, or Tiger Eye, is a variety of macrocrystalline Quartz known for its remarkable chatoyancy and rich layers of gold and brown color. It is thought to be a pseudomorph of Quartz, formed as layers of Crocidolite, a fibrous blue asbestos, were replaced over time by Chalcedony Quartz while still retaining the original shape of the asbestos fibers. A later theory proposes a simultaneous growth of the minerals through a crack-seal vein-filling process. In either case, iron from the decomposed Crocidolite oxidized to its brown color, and reflection of the light on the random fibers produces the gleaming chatoyancy. [www.gemdat.org][www.mindat.org][Lembo, 335][www.gemselect.com][Fernie, 311]
This page is dedicated to the golden brown variety of Tiger’s Eye Quartz and its properties. There are other “eye” varieties of this mineral that share the same general properties, with some additional ones.
Cat’s Eye Quartz - often used as another name for Tiger’s Eye, though it differs with respect to the asbestos fibers; Cat’s Eye fibers are straight, lying in the same direction, creating a single band of light across the stone like the narrow iris of a cat. It may form in white, gray, green, yellow or brown Quartz. Historically esteemed as the most powerful talisman of abundance and protection against the evil eye, it also allowed one to become “invisible,” helping one see in the dark and negotiate shadowy places with ease and safety. It is considered particularly beneficial for children, accelerating the healing of illness, enhancing concentration for study, and giving them a sense of security and courage. It strengthens willpower and helps timid children to be more confident, especially when bullied or if they feel alienated from peers. It may also assist them in creating harmony within a group or family, helping them to feel more secure and loved. Green Tiger’s Eye is sometimes called Cat’s Eye.
Falcon’s Eye (or Hawk’s Eye) - reminiscent of the eye of a bird of prey, this blue-gray to blue-green variety is actually the phase in development of Tiger’s Eye before Quartz replacement of Crocidolite has altered to iron oxide, retaining the original gray-blue or green of the asbestos fibers. Falcon’s Eye is considered the most authoritative of the eye stones, warding off nightmares, protecting one from malice and jealousy, and providing deeper insights and awareness so one may see beyond the obvious. It is a marvelous aid for increasing the sensory gifts - clairvoyance, clairaudience, claircognizance, clairsentience, clairolfaction, and clairgustation, and enkindles a link with cosmic forces that provide inspirational guidance for one’s life. It is a powerful stone for healing Earth energies and for increasing self-understanding. It is grounding during chaotic situations and brings issues into perspective, especially when placed on the Third Eye. Also called Blue Tiger’s Eye.
Ox Eye (or Bull’s Eye) - a mahogany or reddish variety of Tiger’s Eye that occurs naturally when the golden brown variety is exposed to further metamorphic activity, such as fire or lightning, converting the iron oxide into red Hematite. Associated with the strength and courage of the ox, this stone is a fierce defense against any form of bullying, and as an antidote of calm for use in situations or places where tempers often flare and stress nears the boiling point. It is ideal for shoring up one’s inner strength, courage and self-confidence in order to tap into one’s personal power. It is a stimulating stone, replacing lethargy and procrastination with enthusiasm and motivation, unblocking creative energy and inspiring one’s inner entrepreneur. It increases determination and aids one in implementing ideas into action. It is also helpful for speeding up a slow metabolism and increasing a low sex drive. Also called Red Tiger’s Eye.
Some Tiger’s Eye on the open market today, especially Red and Blue varieties, may have been dyed or heat treated to enhance the color; however, this does not affect the properties of the original stone. Tiger’s Eye is also a large component of Pietersite, a brecciated stone composed of swirling Tiger’s Eye and Hawk’s Eye in a Quartz matrix, and Tiger Iron, a banded stone composed of layers of Tiger’s Eye, Hematite and Jasper. [Melody, 186-187, 645][Eason, 70, 227, 310][Hall, 290-291][Hall III, 266][www.mindat.org][Lembo, 332-333, 336][Mella, 78][Megemont, 176-177]
Tiger's Eye Uses and Purposes
Keep Tiger’s Eye as a stone of luck and good fortune to attract a steady flow of money to the home. It is ideal for entrepreneurs and those setting out in business for the first time; also for those building up skills and a knowledge base for major career changes in the future. [Eason, 107]
Tiger’s Eye warns against complacency and emboldens one to “step out of the box” in order to grow and challenge one’s artistic and creative talents, physical abilities and trying something new. Use as a support stone for determination and to overcome fear during exams, competitions, public performances, selling one’s creations in the market place, or presenting ideas in important meetings. [Hall, 290][Eason, 107][Lembo, 334-335] [Megemont, 177]
Wear or carry Tiger’s Eye for increasing insight and perception in unfamiliar places or circumstances, and for protection from the negative intentions of others. Tiger’s Eye sharpens the senses, helping one pay attention to details and prepare for positive action. It reflects an overview of situations and assists when things are happening too fast. It is one of the best aids for resolving a crisis, and provides perfect support when one is afraid of making a wrong decision. Use for quick thinking, sizing up someone’s character, and for realizing the consequences of one’s own actions. [Megemont, 177][Mella, 78][Gienger, 85][Eason, 107]
Draw on Tiger’s Eye to boost will power, emotional stability and energy levels when working through lifestyle changes and health improvement routines. It reduces cravings for the wrong kind of foods and helps decrease the need for binges, excessive cigarettes, prescription drugs or alcohol. It also reduces anxiety caused by feelings of isolation or inadequacy, and helps overcome discouragement to persevere through the long haul. [Simmons, 399][Eason, 107]
Tiger’s Eye is a stone of practicality and balance, remarkable for soothing tensions in families and relationships where differences of opinion or expression are causing discord. It promotes harmony between people with diverse viewpoints, religious beliefs or approaches to life to see both sides of an issue and find common ground. It is a marvelous talisman for professional mediators, as well as anyone going through difficult negotiations. [Simmons, 399][Ahsian, 399]
Tiger's Eye Healing Therapies - Overview
(Please note: Information on this web site is no substitute for consulting a health care professional. All information contained on this web site, including information relating to medical and health conditions, products and treatments, is for informational purposes only. Please see your doctor or health care professional before starting any alternative treatments, diets, supplements or exercise programs.)
Tiger's Eye Physical Healing Energy
Tiger’s Eye is a blood fortifier, increasing vitality and strength, and restoring balance to the body on all levels. It is thought to boost the endocrine system, bringing one’s hormones and biochemistry back to level, and placed on the reproductive organs, may stimulate fertility and resolve issues arising from past experiences. Tiger’s Eye placed on either side of the head energetically rebalances the brain’s hemispheres, and as this stone holds energy of the sun, may relieve seasonal affective disorder and depression. It is effective for alleviating nightmares, and is reputed to relieve asthma attacks and angina, and help lower blood pressure. [Ahsian, 399][Melody, 647][Hall, 289][Hall 101, 204][Eason, 107][Megemont, 177-178][Gienger, 85]
Tiger’s Eye is traditionally used to heal disorders of the eyes and throat, and to improve night vision. It eases issues of the stomach and gall bladder, and dissolves constrictions. It may also be used to strengthen alignment of the spine and stimulate the repair of broken bones. [Melody, 647][Hall, 289][Hall 101, 204][Eason, 107]
Tiger's Eye Emotional Healing Energy
Tiger’s Eye is a remarkable ally for the mind, balancing emotional extremes and allowing scattered thoughts, feelings and information to come together in a way that makes sense. It brings focus and stability, enabling one to make decisions from a place of reason rather than emotion. Tiger’s Eye is ideal for those who are spaced out and uncommitted to find purpose; for those who find it difficult to remain optimistic, it stimulates hope and confidence for the future. [Melody, 646][Hall, 289][101 Hall, 204]
Tiger’s Eye is highly beneficial for resolving dilemmas and internal battles, especially those caused by jealousy, willfulness and pride. It teaches integrity and right use of power, bringing an awareness of one’s needs, as opposed to mere “wants,” as well as understanding the needs of others. It is excellent for healing issues of self-criticism and worth, and unblocks creativity so one may recognize one’s talents and abilities, as well as one’s faults that need to be overcome. It is highly supportive for an addictive personality, increasing personal will to affect positive change, and anchors that change into the physical body. [Melody, 646][Hall, 289][101 Hall, 204]
Tiger’s Eye grounds the energy of the Solar Ray into the Earth, stimulating the First through the Third Chakras. It supports physical vitality, practicality, and maintaining balance between extremes. [Ahsian, 399]
The Base, or Root Chakra, is located at the base of the spine, and controls the energy for kinesthetic feeling and movement. It is the foundation of physical and spiritual energy for the body. When physically out of balance the symptoms manifest themselves as lethargy, low levels of activity, low enthusiasm, and a need for constant stimulation. When spiritual energies are out of balance, one may feel flighty, disconnected from reality or distant. When the Base Chakra is in balance, the physical body regains its strength and stamina, and the spiritual energy is rekindled in the form of security and sense of one’s own power. It often leads to independence and spontaneous leadership.
The Sacral Chakra, located below the naval and above the pubic bone at the front of the pelvis, controls the flow of energy and is the center of gravity of the body. It is the center of the Life Force of the body, and controls the flow of information from the body to the mind and from the mind to the body. Gut feelings, intuition, and other "non-linear" communication comes from this chakra. When it is out of balance symptoms manifest themselves as confusion, over dependency on others, repression of feelings, inability to feel joy, fear of sensuality or sex, and frustration. When the Sacral Chakra is in balance one has grace, feels pleasure in life, and experiences the flexibility to "go with the flow" and do so in good spirit.
The Solar Plexus Chakra is the energy distribution center and the chakra of relationships. This chakra is located between the ribcage and navel, and controls the immune and digestive systems. When balanced physically, we have strength to fight infections, are free of allergic reactions, and are able to use the nutrients we ingest. When the Solar Plexus is out of balance spiritually, we feel fear - of the disappointment or displeasure of others, or to subordinating our life and pleasures to the will of others. Spiritually, when the solar plexus is in balance we are free to interpret the world through our own thoughts and emotions and not live in fear of violating the dictums of others.
Tiger's Eye Spiritual Energy
Tiger’s Eye resonates with the frequencies of the Earth and provides a warm, stable energy for prayers and meditation, and stimulating contact with the vibrational realm of Christ consciousness. It engenders peacefulness and beauty, and connects with the spiritual power of the sun as nourishment for the soul. Tiger’s Eye enables the ability to remember dreams and to use dreamtime for spiritual advancement, sparking imagination, intuition, and opening up psychic talents in earthy people through Third Eye activity. It is remarkable for balancing yin and yang energies, stimulating the rise of the kundalini energy, and bringing a joyful enthusiasm for flowing with “the river of humanity” toward the “One.” [Simmons, 399][Lembo, 334][Melody, 646]
The Gold rays of Tiger’s Eye brings success, enthusiasm, happiness, and power. It is traditionally the color of kings, riches, and the sun. Gold touches a deep part of our minds, conjuring up images of mystical places and adventure. Light Gold crystals provide us with the simple pleasures of life - cheerfulness and contentment. Dark Gold crystals have a deeper, more pronounced sense of devotion and commitment, providing us with a mature enthusiasm and ability to share a lifelong commitment of care and love.
The Brown rays within Tiger’s Eye brings connection with the natural world. It is the color influence of home, hearth, and nature. It helps us relax, reconnect, and regain our composure. It is a grounding stone, promoting security and stability.
Meditating with shimmering Tiger’s Eye initiates a wonderful, high-vibrational state that is well-grounded, peaceful, and highly conducive for encounters with others through remote viewing, out-of-body travel or mind travel. It allows one to move into a state of bliss, experiencing a single point of awareness within an atmosphere of warm compassion and unconditional love. Upon return, it inspires one to take actions led by that consciousness to bring its energy more fully into the physical world. [Melody, 646][Hall, 288][Simmons, 399]
Red Tiger’s Eye assists any form of moving meditation, from yoga and tai chi to walking meditation, as a stabilizer to maintain mindfulness and single-pointed focus. [Lembo, 226] Falcon’s Eye or Hawk’s Eye is highly conducive for meditating in sunlight outdoors to reach a tranquil state of mind, and for guidance into spiritual realms for visions and insights of a personal, or even global nature. [Eason, 227]
The Divinatory meaning of Tiger’s Eye: Money-making ventures and new prospects will succeed even better than anticipated if you persist and keep focused when you hit an obstacle. [Eason, 107]
In antiquity, dreaming of Cat’s Eye stones was believed to indicate treachery. [Kunz, 358]
The Marra Mamba Tiger Eye mined from the Mt. Brockman mine in Australia is a “gazing” stone, used by female shamans to provide powers of the “far-seeing eye,” beneficial in the open country where “seeing” could have an effect on one’s well-being as well as the entire community. This locality stone can also be used to “mirror” oneself in order to understand one’s behavior, thoughts, and reasoning, or to “read” the energies of others. [Melody En, 796]
Gold Tiger’s Eye is wonderful for connecting with Archangels Jophiel and Sabrael. [Lembo, 334] If your birthday falls in any of the following periods, a Tiger’s Eye of the color listed can be a valuable conduit to your Guardian Angel. The table also provides the name of the Guardian Angel of those born in the time period. (For Tiger’s Eye angels other than those of gold and brown, see the Angelic Help Crystals and Guardian Angel Crystals sections of this site.)
|Date||Crystal Color||Name of Guardian Angel|
|June 27-July 1||Dk. Yellow||Pahaliah|
|July 23-27||Dk. Yellow||Nith-Haiah (Nithhaja)|
|August 7-12||Dk. Yellow||Seheiah (Sehijah)|
|August 18-22||Dk. Yellow||Omael|
There are other Angels that are partial to Tiger's Eye. The table below gives you the information about them.
|Purpose||Crystal Color||Name of Angel|
|Angel of Grace||Brown||Ananchel|
|Ruler of Earth/Lightning and the Angel of Chance and Luck.||Brown||Baraqiel|
|Protector and Ruler of the dates February 10-14; Aquarius.||Brown||Damabiah|
|Protector and Ruler of the dates February 5-9; Aquarius.||Brown||Mehiel|
|Protector and Ruler of the dates October 4-8; Libra.||Brown||Rehael|
|Master of the 15th Tarot Card “Devil”.||Brown||Samaqiel|
|Guardian of the Fourteenth Mansion of the Moon; Virgo.||Dk. Gold||Ergediel|
|Risnuch helps you while Dealing with Agriculture and Animals.||Dk. Gold||Risnuch|
|Ruler of Earth/Wind||Dk. Gold||Ruchiel|
|Samael is known as the Severity Angel; Tree of Life, is the Guardian of Tuesday, and the Ruler of Mars.||Dk. Gold||Samael|
|Protector and Ruler of the dates July 23-27; Leo.||Dk. Yellow||Nith-Haiah|
|Protector and Ruler of the dates August 18-22; Leo.||Dk. Yellow||Omael|
|Protector and Ruler of the dates June 27-July 1; Cancer.||Dk. Yellow||Pahaliah|
|Protector and Ruler of the dates August 7-12; Leo.||Dk. Yellow||Seheiah|
|Master of the 8th Tarot Card “Strength” and is associated with Leo.||Dk. Yellow||Verchiel|
|Guardian of the Nineteenth Mansion of the Moon which is Scorpio.||Gold||Amutiel|
|Gabriel is the Foundation Angel and known as the Tree of Life. The Angel of Monday, and the Ruler of the Moon, Earth, and Lighting. Gabriel is also the Master of the 2nd Tarot Card “The High Priestess” and Tarot Card 12 “The Hanged Man”. Gabriel is also the Angel of Pregnancies/Child Birth, the Angel of the North Wind, Creativity, and Truth. he is also associated with the sun sign Aquarius, and also the Guardian Fifth Mansion of the Moon; Taurus.||Gold||Gabriel|
|Master of the 2nd Tarot Card “The High Priestess”.||Gold||Schelachel|
|Uriel is the Master of the 21st Tarot Card “The World”. Also, he Heals Resentment and is the Ruler of the South Wind. Uriel is also known as the Angel of Music and Repentance, and is associated with the sun sign, Libra.||Gold||Uriel|
|Master of Tarot Card 0 “The Fool”.||Lt. Gold||Chassan|
|Angel of the Mountains.||Lt. Gold||Rampel|
Tiger’s Eye honors Bast (Bastet), the Egyptian Cat Goddess of the Sun’s Blessings. She is the creator of perfumes and oils, and is the ruler of love, fertility, sensuality, and music. She is also the mother of cats and the magical power they contain.
Tiger’s Eye honors Freyja (Freya), the Norse Goddess of Beauty and Love, depicted as being driven in a chariot pulled by two black cats. She is responsible for the souls of warriors who die in battle and reunites them with their wives after death.
Tiger’s Eye also honors Sekhmet, the Egyptian Goddess of War. She is the most powerful goddess of Lower Egypt, and is usually depicted with the head of a lion and the body of a beautiful woman.
Gold crystals honor Persephone, the Greek Goddess of Spring. She represents celebration and the Earth alive with new growth.
There are several ways to find an appropriate birthstone. The traditional one is listed first. These are from the popular lists that most people are familiar with. The second way is to find your natural birthstone by the color wheel of life. You can click on the Natural Birthstone graphic below to learn more. Finally many people use the traditional stones of the Zodiac.
In this section you will find information on all three approaches.
Tiger’s Eye is not a traditional birthstone.
Tiger’s Eye, with its golden color, is a natural birthstone of those born in the magical month of midsummer (July 22 - August 21). Gold crystals bring you success, enthusiasm, happiness, and power.
Tiger’s Eye is a great zodiac stone for those born under the sign Gemini, between May 21 and June 20, when the Earth is approaching summer. The constellation Gemini is known as the Sign of the Inventor and is seen as twins side by side in the sky. It is closely associated with the planet Mercury. Those born under this sign can see both sides of an issue. They’re flexible and can go with the flow, and can be lively and talkative, or restless and nervous depending on their setting. Those born when the Sun is in Gemini are quick thinkers, quick-witted, and quick on their feet.
Tiger’s Eye has long been used as an amulet against the evil eye, curses and bad luck, and as a talisman for bringing wealth and good fortune.
Tiger’s Eye is a Seeker Transformer crystal. Seekers contain a crystal energy structure that aligns the natural energy of the crystal to the natural power of the human mind in finding the way to new horizons and new capabilities. They’re pointers, directors, and compasses; the fresh start crystals. These are talismans of the scientist, the adventurer, the hunter, wanderer, and explorer. They’re also crystals of the student and the researcher.
Transformer crystals enhance efforts to change our situations, prospects, health, outlook or relationships. By transforming ourselves we transform our lives. We learn to dance, speak a new language, grow stronger, or become a better spouse or child. Seeker crystals with the earth power of the Transformer are excellent talismans to aid our efforts to grow, develop new capabilities and change our lives.
Tiger’s Eye utilizes Fire energy, the energy of enthusiasm, warmth, brightness, illumination and activity. It is Yang in nature. It is the energy of heat, action, emotion and passion - of ideas, of concepts, and sex. It is traditionally associated with the south area of a home or room, and with the fame and reputation area of your dwelling. Use its energy to give your life the boost it needs to enhance your standing in the community and within your family.
Tiger's Eye in Ancient Lore and Legend
Throughout the ancient world of the Orient, no gems were considered of more interest than phenomenal gems, those that when cut properly, created a moving line or shifting star pattern. They were considered to always bring good fortune to the wearer. Cat’s Eye stones were thought to be more effective when worn on Thursdays, and were also given for a 39th wedding anniversary. [Kunz, 333-335, 337]
Tiger’s Eye may have been known in ancient history as Wolf stone, and possibly as oculus belus, dedicated to the Mesopotamian god Belus. Deemed to be all-seeing, it was regarded as a stone of protection and good luck, used to heal eye diseases and help one see in the dark. In Chinese medicine, it restored yin and yang energies. [101 Hall, 204]
Tiger’s Eye was linked with the magical tiger, the king of beasts, in Eastern mythology, and Roman soldiers wore it in battle for bravery and to deflect weapons. To the ancient Egyptians, it offered the protection of the sun and earth combined, of Ra, the sun god, and Geb, god of the growing land. They also placed the glittering stone in the eyes of their god image statues to express divine vision. [Eason, 107][101 Hall, 204][Mella, 78]
A popular good luck stone, Tiger’s Eye/Cat’s Eye was used to ward off the evil eye, and to reflect back any malice or threats without absorbing any negative energy. It was used a great deal in voodoo rituals. Holding a Tiger’s Eye was also used to discern if someone else was reliable or not. Traditionally it was believed by the end of the day, any deception would be revealed. [Megemont, 177][Eason, 107]
The symbols [ ] enclose the author's name and a page number for a reference cited from the following books:
[Ahsian, pp.] Robert Simmons & Naisha Ahsian, The Book of Stones (Berkley, CA: North Atlantic Books, 2007).
[Eason, pp. ]Cassandra Eason, The New Crystal Bible (London: Carlton Books Ltd., 2010).
[Fernie, pp.] William T. Fernie, The Occult and Curative Powers of Precious Stones (Blauvelt, NY: Rudolph Steiner Publications, 1973).
[Gienger, pp.] Michael Gienger, Healing Crystals (Scotland: Earthdancer Books, 2009).
[Hall, pp.] Judy Hall, The Crystal Bible (Cincinnati, OH: Walking Stick Press, 2003).
[Hall II, pp.]Judy Hall, The Crystal Bible 2 (Cincinnati, OH: Walking Stick Press, 2009).
[Hall III, pp.] Judy Hall, The Crystal Bible 3 (Cincinnati, OH: Walking Stick Press, 2013).
[Hall En ,pp.] Judy Hall, The Encyclopedia of Crystals, (Beverly, MA: Fair Winds Press, 2013).
[Hall Cr, pp.] Judy Hall, Crystals to Empower You (Blue Ash, OH, Cincinnati, OH: Walking Stick Press, 2013).
[101 Hall , pp.] Judy Hall, 101 Power Crystals (Beverly, MA: Fair Winds Press, 2011).
[Kunz, pp.] George Frederick Kunz, The Curious Lore of Precious Stones (New York: Dover Publications, 1971).
[Lecouteux, pp.] Claude Lecouteux, A Lapidary of Sacred Stones (Rochester, VT: Inner Traditions, U.S. edition, 2012).
[Lembo, pp.] Margaret Lembo The Essential Guide to Crystals, Minerals, & Stones (Woodbury, MN: Llewellyn Worldwide, 2013).
[Margherita,pp.] Margherita, The Crystal Lotus Handbook (Ontario, Canada: The Crystal Lotus, 2010).
[Megemont, pp.] Florence Megemont, The Metaphysical Book of Gems and Crystals (Rochester, VT: Healing Arts Press, 2008).
[Mella, pp.] Dorothee L. Mella, Stone Power II (Albuquerque, NM: Brotherhood of Life, Inc., 1986).
[Melody, pp.] Melody, Love Is In The Earth (Wheat Ridge, CO: Earth-Love Publishing House, 1995).
[Melody, EN,pp.] Melody, Love Is In The Earth -The Crystal and Minerals Encyclopedia (Wheat Ridge, CO: Earth-Love Publishing House, 2007).
[Raphaell, pp.] Katrina Raphaell, Crystal Enlightenment (Santa Fe, NM: Aurora Press, 1985)
[Simmons, pp.] [Ahsian,] Robert Simmons & Naisha Ahsian, The Book of Stones (Berkley, CA: North Atlantic Books, 2007).